Gothenburg (home to Volvo) is Sweden’s largest port, a charming city of canals, cobbled streets and well-tended parks. Gothenburg was founded in the 17th century as a fishing village but grew to importance as the home port of the Swedish East India Company (whose imposing stone headquarters is now the city museum) and the embarkation point for Swedish emigration to the Americas. The heart of Gothenburg is along Kungsportsavenyn, known simply as The Avenue, a broad boulevard that stretches from the Götaplatsen, a theater and arts center on the site of a 1923 industrial exhibition, to the old city center and Kungsportsplatsen, a plaza crowded with cafes and pubs.
G?teborg (a.k.a. Gothenburg) was built on commerce and continues to be a thriving industrial center. It was founded in 1604 by Charles IX and became popular with British merchants in the 19th century, when it was known as "Little London." On Sweden's west coast, the city has a population of 440,000.
G?teborg is Sweden's most important seaport. It has shipyards and is home to manufacturers of wood and paper products, as well as iron, steel and automotive products. Medical technology, information technology and industrial electronics are other important components of the economy. Half of the Scandinavian industrial capacity is within 300 kilometers of G?teborg.
G?teborg isn't all work and no play, however. Kungsportsavenyn, better known as "The Avenue," forms the hub of the city with its shops, restaurants and sidewalk cafes. The Avenue ends at G?taplatsen Square, site of the municipal theater, concert hall and library. Nearby is Tradgardsforeningen, a butterfly house with dozens of species, and the recently restored Palm House. At the harbor is the Maritime Center, which houses a historic collection of ships.
The city features two universities, Chalmers University of Technology and the G?teborg University